Differential Scanning Calorimeter for Thermal Analysis

The procedures of thermal analysis have been extensively accepted in the analytical chemistry. The term “Thermal Analysis” integrates those methods in which some physical parameters of the system are determined. These parameters are then recorded as a purpose of the temperature analysis. Thermal breakdown analysis has been used for regulating the chemical and physical properties of the electronic circuit board, polymers, coals and geological materials.

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DSC (Differential Scanning Calorimetry Process) is one of the most preferred thermo-analytical methods. A Differential Scanning Calorimeter measures the heat of the sample. A Differential Scanning Calorimeter measures the heat relative to a reference. The device does all of the above & heats the given sample with a given ramp of linear temperature.

Differential Scanning Calorimetry Process is a method in which the alteration in the amount of heat is necessary to increase the sample’ s temperature and the reference are measured as the purpose of temperature. The reference and the sample are maintained at the similar temperature throughout the trial and experiment. Generally, the program of temperature for a DSC analysis is designed in such a way that the temperature of sample holder increases gradually as the function of time. Only some milligrams of material are needed to run the complete analysis.

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Differential Scanning Calorimetry Process is the most often used technique for thermal analysis, primarily due to its speed, availability, and simplicity. It is mostly used for the process of quantitative analysis. Differential Scanning Calorimeter is the precise device that can be used for the purpose. If you are looking for such device3, you should check them online. Visit the online portal of SKZ Industrial to more about Differential Scanning Calorimeter.

For More Info: http://www.skzindustrial.com/skz1052-differential-scanning-calorimeter/

Refractometer for Readings of Fruit Juices

A Refractometer is a fairly inexpensive and essential type of test equipment. It is mainly used by used by winemakers and vineyard managers. The rough and craggy exterior of metal, plastic, and rubber protects the highly polished shiny optical glass, prisms and mirrors which are contained within. When a sample is placed beneath the daylight platter, the winemaker can easily see the percentage reading by looking through the eyepiece monocular & reading the available scale which is seen when a person holds the refractometer in the sunlight (natural light).

Refractometer

As previously specified, Refractometer allow the winemakers and vineyard managers to figure the percentage which is the relative sugar weight of the sample compared to the distilled water of the juice fresh fruits like grapes, litchi, apple etc.. Brix percentage is sometimes referred to as Balling, no need to worry, the terms are substitutable. Depending upon the observed readings, winemakers can monitor the evolvement of ripening & adjust their plans for harvest, if required.

Refractometer

In the simplest note, the Refractometer works exactly like a prism. Remember how, as a kid, you could use prisms to separate out different wavelengths of the light – the rainbow color (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet) when the source of light was excelled on the prism at the precise angle? Well, the contemporary and latest refractometers work on the similar principle. It reacts inversely to the light depending upon the quantity of sugar which is available in sample liquid held between the light plate & the main prism assembly.

Before you start noting readings, it is quite important to adjust the refractometer. Some instruments entail the usage of special calibration liquid to perform the chore, while others are calibrated with the distilled water.

For More Info: http://www.skzindustrial.com/skz1019-refractometer

Potentiometric Titrator for Laboratory Assistance

Mechanized and programmed Potentiometric Titrator is an indispensable diagnostic instrument for the quality control & chemical analysis. Fischer Karl and Potentiometric titrators are two very significant workshop instruments. All types of potentiometric titrators are compact and are capable of detecting the multiple uniformity points.

Automated Potentiometric Titrator is useful for the titration types like Argentometric titrations, Acid-base titrations, Redox titrations, Non-aqueous titrations, Complexometric titrations, Precipitation titrations, pH stat titrations, EDTA titrations, Enzymatic titrations, Diazotization titrations, TAN/TBN titrations etc. With these kind of facilities it can work as Redox titrator, acid-base titrator, Argentometric titrator, Complexometric titrator, Precipitation titrator, pH stat titrator, EDTA titrator, Enzymatic titrator, Diazotization titrator, TAN/TBN titrator, and many more.

Potentiometric Titrator

The application industry for that utilizes the Potentiometric Titrator are Chemical, Biotechnology, Fertilizer, Pharma, Dairy, Petrochemicals, Paints, Waters, Dyes, Food and Beverage, oil, cosmetics, distilleries, steel and much more. It offers different titration types such as Acid-base titrations, Redox titrations, Non-aqueous titrations, Complexometric titrations, Precipitation titrations, pH stat titrations, EDTA titrations, enzymatic titrations, Diazotization titrations, TAN/TBN titrations. The facilities includes in the potentiometric titrators are Blank, back titration, three methods, four modes, optional KF, optional pH statistics, several result units, interchangeable burette, store 51 user methods, three formulae in Normality mode, store ten formulae in sample mode, routine transfer to sample mode, Linearity, standard deviation, ten reports stored, Graphics etc.

Potentiometric titrators feature versatile control along with user-friendly mechanism, Advanced Microcontroller, powerful performance, GLP Compliance, Complaint IQ, OQ, PQ, CFR 21 PART 11, Calibration, PC Connectivity, Traceability, Result display screen, Corrosion resistant fiber body, and Printer.

For further details, you can check them online.

Click here: http://www.skzindustrial.com/skz1043b-automatic-potentiometric-titrator

Hand Sheet Former for Industrial Usage

For the production of laboratory sheets for several physical tests, the design of drainage system caters with a uniform flow across all the length of wire, thus permitting especially uniform sheets. Laboratory sheets that are prepared by Hand sheet former from the suspensions of pulp are utilized for determining physical properties like apparent density, tear index, folding endurance light scattering coefficient, air resistance, and tensile index. The conditions of sheet making need to be similar to commercial production. Hand Sheet former is used for the production of circular sheets.

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The standard hand sheet former includes all of the accessories needed to prepare 159 mm hand-sheets in the accordance with the proper standards. This stainless steel device makes the laboratory hand sheets to let the test & evaluation of physical properties of the pulp.

Hand sheet former’s allow the preparation of smooth & reproducible hand sheet to measure the physical and optical properties of a pulp, with a min. of washing & contamination of the sample. Hand sheet former is especially valuable as a research tool due to the discrimination which it offers in adding the stocks & chemicals. Over time, you can develop the correlations between laboratory hand sheets & the actual production process, letting users forecast the effects changes in those procedures while avoiding the costly & avoidable downtime. Hand sheet former is the core of research and development program for the manufacturers of sheet-like products.

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If you intend to but Hand sheet former, you should rely on the reliable source as the machine should be original and durable for giving better results. And, only genuine and authentic vendors deal with original equipment.

For More Info: http://www.skzindustrial.com/skz124-hand-sheet-former

Dry Oven Removes Moisture Effectively

Dry ovens are the devices that are used to remove water as well as other solvents from the substances placed inside. Whether they are used in the home to dry objects like flowers safely and quickly, or on industrial scales with the conveyor belts feeding the foodstuffs into the ovens all day long, the elementary functions of the dry oven remain the same. They remove the moisture through convection process and collecting it elsewhere so the items become dehydrated.

Dry Oven

Dry ovens are devices used to eliminate the moisture from items without cooking them. They’re used for various of purposes, from sterilizing the laboratory equipment to parching foodstuffs like raisins to extend its shelf life in the supermarket. Dry ovens are also utilized for the preservation of flowers because they can efficiently remove the moisture without causing any damage to the flower’s color and shape.

A dry oven causes the objects to dry out through the process of evaporation. These drying ovens make use of convection heating, in which the item is heated through the air currents. Water from the item escapes into the air, raising the humidity level & causing the semi-solid membranes inside the dry oven to absorb the extra water. The end result is that the oven eradicates the water from the item being dried, and leaving it completely dehydrated.

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Dry ovens contain a system to force the convection currents to develop, commonly either a turbine of fan that helps in the heating & drying process by making sure that the hot air circulates. Drying ovens also feature adjustable ventilation system which allows the user to make sure that the system has a passable supply of air.

For More Info: http://www.skzindustrial.com/skz1015-dry-oven

Microwave Digestion for Different Samples

Microwave is a technique which is used to dissolve the solid sample matrices into the aqueous liquid. This is simply achieved by placing a sample in the concentrated acid matrix in a closed vessel & exposing it to the microwave irradiation. The speed of thermal decomposition of a sample & the metal’s solubility are increased. Once the sample metal is in solution, it can be computed through the spectroscopic techniques. The Microwave digestion process routinely cuts the period of sample preparation by 60-75% % as compared to the hot block and hot plates.

microwave-digestion

Temperature measurement & control are the two most important parameters in microwave digestion. And with the help of suitable instrument, you can accurately measure the direct interior temperature of every vessel in the process of microwave digestion. It allows you to significantly simplify the whole process. This increased performance after using a suitable medium for microwave digestion will expand the use of it to new & more challenging applications.

Microwave Digestion increases the reaction rates while lessening the digestion times for sample preparation with the usage of sealed, high-temperature, high-pressure vessels. SKZ Industrial’s range of microwave digestion systems provides low cost solutions for quick, safe and easy sample preparation. This notable technique is ideal for the agricultural, environmental, petrochemical, nutrition, geochemistry, and clinical applications needing the trace metal analysis.

With simple and quick one-step operation, this cost efficient microwave digester combines your Atomic Absorption Spectroscopy (AAS), ICP-AES, ICP-MS and Atomic Fluorescence Spectroscopy (AFS), digestions into intelligent and high-speed procedures. For more inquiry related to your questions, you can read reviews on internet and get complete assistance.

Kjeldahl Apparatus – A Must Have Instrument

The traditional Kjeldahl apparatus for digestion consists in 250-ml flask capacity. Macro Kjeldahl Apparatus started to appear for the volume from 400 – 800 ml, suggested for the samples that have very low amount of nitrogen & handle comparatively big sample size. Smaller version which appeared on the market was micro Kjeldahl, consisting of minor capacity flasks of 30 – 100 ml volume, generally used with the low sample amount.

Aluminum heating blocks are planned to accept numerous straight digestion tubes together. They generally accommodate from 6 p to 20, at the same time. In all cases, since Kjeldahl analysis involves the significant corrosive fumes, the suitable attention must be given for the purpose of fume removal.

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Typically block digesters have single controller which adjusts the temperature of entire block and operating time, that automates & allows the timed ramping throughout the course of digestion. Several governmental & regulating organizations have developed devices that specify classical Kjeldahl apparatus. It is available freestanding, if suitably combined with fume removal system as stated above, or can be placed under the fume hood.

Kjeldahl apparatus for digestion followed by the steam distillation is sometimes denoted as “rapid Kjeldahl analysis” partly since a number of block digestion practices are smaller than the classical technique.

The typical Kjeldahl apparatus is designed to accept the straight digestion tubes straight from the block digesters. This way, the sample doesn’t need to be transferred. Steam distillation is much more quick than traditional Kjeldahl distillation, normally taking from 3 – 5 minutes. You can buy this useful apparatus online but be careful about the precision of product.

Melting Point Tester- Advanced Technology

The automatic melting point tester is a device that uses the latest technique in digital image processing, to correctly identify the melt of few samples simultaneously. It comes with a color VGA display. Melt can be watches on this in real time. It can capture the melt video for later use as well.

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The melting point tester is a fully programmable device that is used via touch screen display.  Once you have set the plateau temperature, it can select the ramp rate increments. During use, a collection of preset methods can be developed to streamline the process input for repeat measurements. For the materials where the user is uninformed of an estimated melting point, & therefore unable in setting the plateau temperature, melting point tester can be used in quick melt mode. During quick melt mode a rapid scan of the total temperature range is commenced to provide an approx. melt temperature. A method, then, will be programmed automatically with the suitable plateau temperature to let a more precise measurement to be carried-out.

The melting point tester has an innovative design concept, it can be used as control or normal side & the melt side can be detached, allowing for the utmost in footprint flexibility. After loading the samples, the melt side of the device can be placed in a fume cupboard or at back of the bench to catch potentially dangerous fumes. Once melting point tester been split, its control panel side is available for making use in 2 orientations; either portrait or landscape to allow perfect viewing angle.

Polarimeter and its Uses

Polarimeters are scientific instruments that are used to measure the rotation of a plane of polarized light because it passes through sample of a compound that exhibits optical activity. Several chemical compounds exist in more than single optically active form. Each isomer or optically active form of a compound will be capable to rotate polarized light plane by an amount of characteristic of that isomer.

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Polarimetry is a very sensitive and nondestructive method to measuring optical activity exhibited by some organic and inorganic. The human eye nakedly can’t recognize whether the light is polarized, but the polarization effects can be observed by using polarizing filters.

Polarimeter is used to measures the level to which any substance interacts with the plane-polarized light & whether it rotate the plane-polarized light to the right, to the left, or in no way.

A substance is active optically if it rotates the plane-polarized light to right or to the left. While measuring with polarimeter a compound need be optically active and must have a chiral center (a carbon with 4 different attached groups). Depending on the positioning of these 4 different groups about chiral carbon, a compound may rotate the plane-polarized light to the right or to the left. Compounds that don’t rotate light of any kind lack a chiral center.

The direction and number of degrees of rotation are properly measured using polarimeter to offer the observed rotation. This measured calculation must be revised for the length of cell used & the concentration of solution. Comparing the revised observed rotation to the published values can help in identification of unknown compounds.

Portable Gas Detector – Its Types

Portable Gas Detector, also referred as gas alert monitors, is actually a device that helps in gas detection. It’s a kind of safety device that is used in the commercial spaces, industries and the households. When the gas detector monitor senses the presence of any kind of gas in the air beyond permissible level, the alarm rings. It’s a very handy device that can prevent damages & save lives, particularly in those areas which make extensive usage of the harmful gases.

Several types of portable gas detector are available in market like:

Single Gas Detector- As the name propose, this kind of gas detector is capable of sensing the presence of just one gas type at any given time. It isn’t exactly as multipurpose as the detectors which can detect many gases at a time but it’s still a great option for those places where single gas is used like households. It is quite easy to use & relatively inexpensive. Along with the portable models, you can explore the fixed models, wireless fixed models, area detectors & more.

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Multi-Gas Detector- As already specified, single portable gas detector can detect the existence of just one type of gas in a time. However, it isn’t very versatile & not a great option for the places where several gases are utilized. In order to evade any potential dangers, the industries require a gas detector which can detect many gases at a time. The modern gas monitors are designed by making use of advanced technology & they can ring alarm at the occurrence/existence of different kinds of gases. Portable gas detector is also available which can be taken to those areas where fixed-ones can’t be installed.